Sir Richard Burton's translation of this ancient Hindu text brought the Western reader new insights into the Indian civilization of 1,700 years ago. A major work of philosophy and sexology, the kama Sutra is considered to be the classic guide to sexual fulfillment, although many of its practices are particular to the social codes of ancient India. Through its frank, outspoken discussion of sexual relationships and lovemaking, the Kama Sutra not only influenced the society in which it was written but has enlightened future generations as to the structure and nature of that society. Burton's translation, which first appeared in 1883, was republished in the 1960s, itself a time of sexual liberation, and was celebrated as a literary event of the highest importance. Written with unassuming candor, the Kama Sutra remains one of the most readable and enjoyable of all the classics of antiquity.